Talking about lung cancer treatment options, you may need to know where this condition comes from and begins in your body. As its name suggests, this condition starts from the lungs. According to the facts, lung cancer is the leading cause when it comes to cancer deaths in the United States. Men and women could get affected by this condition for sure.
Generally, smokers are in the greatest risk of this condition and many of them are looking for possible lung cancer treatment options. However, this condition may also occur on people who do not smoke at all. The risk may get higher along with the number of cigarettes you have smoked. So, if you smoke then it is better to quit now than sorry later after all.
Symptoms of lung cancer
In the early stages, lung cancer does not show any symptoms and signs. In fact, those signs will appear once the condition has developed and become advanced. The signs may include:
- Cough that does not go away;
- Coughing up blood;
- Heart to breath;27
- Pain sensation on chest;
- Unintended weight loss;
- Bone pain;
- Chronic headache.
When to see your doctor
If you found one or two signs as we have mentioned above, it is better to talk to your doctor as soon as possible especially if the signs are persistent. On the other hand, if you smoke and could not quit, you can ask your doctor or a therapist to help you with the issue. Replacing nicotine with other products may also be part of your therapy.
Causes of lung cancer
The main cause of this condition is smoking. Unfortunately, secondhand smokers have the same risks of developing this condition just like smokers. In fact, those who never smoke at all could get into the chain as well.
Doctors and experts believe that smoking could lead to lung cancer because it damages cells that line out the lungs. Basically, your body could repair the damage by itself. Since smoking makes gradual and continued exposure, the body could not take it anymore. Over time, the damages promote the cells to become abnormal, which is the first thing that initiates cancer development.
Types of lung cancer
Lung cancer is divided into two big groups according to the appearance of the cancerous cells that can be seen under the microscope. The treatments offered to the patients may also vary according to the type of lung cancer.
The first type is small cell lung cancer. This condition commonly occurs on heavy smokers. The second type is non-small cell lung cancer, which is the opposite of the first type. Other than that, non-small cell lung cancer is divided into other several cancer types that act in similar ways. Those types include large cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, and squamous cell carcinoma.
Prevention of lung cancer
Basically, there is no such exact way to prevent this condition. But everyone could reduce the risk of developing this condition by not doing several things in their life. The first thing, of course, is quit smoking as soon as possible. Otherwise, if you do not smoke then you better not start ever. It is also important to tell your kids if smoking is not good both for health and for everyone’s future. Secondhand smokers also have a high risk of developing lung cancer, which is why you better stay away from those smokers or you will have the same risk as them.
Maintaining the overall health is everybody’s responsibility and you are responsible for your own health. Maintaining healthy diets is the thing you can do without spending money on screening. If you need to take vitamins, it is better to take directly from sources like fish, veggies, fruits, and other natural items instead of pills.
Treatments of lung cancer
The doctor will show you a series of possible treatments for you. Your doctor may recommend a few options according to various factors such as your health, cancer stage, type of cancer, and your preferences. For an advanced procedure, the treatment will involve several specialists such as an oncologist, pathologists, pulmonologist, radiation oncologist, radiologist, thoracic surgeons, and other specialists if needed. This will be really helpful if the procedure requires a complex protocol.
For those who have non-small cell lung cancer, they can be treated with surgery, targeted therapy, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of those. However, if small cell lung cancer presents then chemotherapy and radiation therapy are the only way to treat them. Surgery is a treatment option where the doctors will cut out the cancer tissues. Chemotherapy is a step where the doctor uses special medicines to kill cancer. It could be pills, medicine for veins, or both.
On the other hand, radiation therapy will involve high-energy to eliminate cancer. The targeted therapy will involve certain drugs to stop and block the spread of cancer cells and kill the growth opportunity of them. The drugs could be oral drugs or injections to your veins.
Complementary and alternative treatments
Commonly, it will involve medicines. These include some non-standard cancer treatments but can be applied for those who need it. Complementary medicine includes hypnosis, massage therapy, dietary supplements, acupuncture, and even meditation. Alternative medicines include magnet therapy, special teas, herbal preparations, vitamins with mega-dose, and special diets. However, many of them have not been tested yet which requires you to talk to your doctor in the first place before using one of them.
Lifestyle and home remedies
Lung cancer may include shortness of breath. If you are experiencing this condition, the first thing you need to do is do not panic. You need to relax even though the feeling is pretty scary. Any activity that could help you to relax is recommended while you getting into the most comfortable position. Other than that, you need to focus more on your breath. In the end, all you need to do is save and reserve your energy for other important things instead of panicking. And this is the end section of lung cancer treatment options.