Diabetes is a common illness. There are many people across the whole world who suffer from diabetes. For those who do not know, diabetes is a disease which affects how your body uses blood sugar or glucose and glucose is very vital to your health. The reason why glucose is very important to your body is that glucose is an important source of energy for the cells which will make up the muscles and tissues. Not only that but glucose is also the brain’s main source of fuel. Therefore, if you happen to be a diabetes patient and you want to know what is the main cause of diabetes, then keep on reading this article.
Things You Need to Know about Diabetes
There are two types of diabetes, type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes, and both of them can lead to excess sugar in your blood. Having too much sugar in your blood will lead to serious health problems. There are also prediabetes and gestational diabetes. Prediabetes is a diabetes condition when your blood sugar level is higher than normal but it is not high enough to be classified as diabetes. Meanwhile, gestational diabetes is a diabetes condition when occurs during pregnancy but it will be subdued after the baby is delivered. Before you get to know what is the main cause of diabetes, you should know the symptoms first. Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes have the same symptoms such as increased thirst, frequent urination, extreme hunger, weight loss, ketones in the urine, fatigue, blurred vision, irritability, sores, slow-healing wounds, and frequent infections.
The Cause of Diabetes
For type 1 diabetes, the cause of this diabetes is still unknown. The thing that you have to know is that your immune system will attack and destroy the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas instead of fighting the harmful bacteria and viruses. This condition will lead you to have only a little insulin or even no insulin at all. Then, the sugar will build up in the bloodstream instead of being transported into the cells. Some studies say that type 1 diabetes is caused by genetic susceptibility and environmental factors and weight is not the main cause in type 1 diabetes.
For type 2 diabetes, if you are suffering from prediabetes, it can eventually lead to type 2 diabetes. Your cells will become resistant to the insulin and your pancreas will not be able to produce enough insulin to fight the resistance. Sugar will build up in the bloodstream instead of moving into the cells where it is needed for energy. Just like type 1 diabetes, the cause of type 2 diabetes is still unknown. However, some studies say that genetic susceptibility and environmental factors may be the main cause in the development of type 2 diabetes. If the weight does not matter in type 1 diabetes, it does matter in type 2 diabetes.
Those are the short explanation of what is diabetes and what is the main cause of diabetes. Keep an eye of what you eat and stay healthy!