Pregnancy is a period where women have 9 months developing their baby in the uterus. Understanding what to expect during pregnancy will help you to treat the pregnancy. Typically the period is last to 40 weeks from the first day of the last period of the pregnant women. The pregnancy period comes into 3 stages of trimester which all of it comes with different baby development and symptom. The 40 weeks are the common full-time pregnancy frame, but the full term baby can labor at 37 weeks and late 42 weeks.
The first trimester
The first trimester is the first 12 weeks of pregnancy and becomes the crucial stage for baby development. In the conception process, the sperm and egg combine to form a zygote and will implant into the uterine wall. Then, what to expect during pregnancy in the first trimester? The zygotes will start to grow and major organs and body system will start to develop. In this stage, women also will experience with so many changes related to health, physical and emotional. They will start to feel morning sickness, vomiting, and nausea.
The second trimester
The second trimester is the pregnancy period of 13 to 26-week pregnancy. The fetus size will develop to 4-5 inches long to 12 inches long. The weight is also growing start about 3 ounces to weight around 1 lb. or more. In addition to the development of major structures and organs, the other parts of the body that important are also formed in this second trimester. This development includes the skeleton growth, muscle tissue, eyelashes and eyebrows, the toenails and fingernails, the blood cell, footprint and fingerprint, hair, and taste buds. In this phase, pregnant women feel better such as reduced morning sickness and fatigue that start goes away with the beginning of the second trimester. In this second trimester, women can start other pregnancy symptoms such as pain in the round ligament, changes in the nipple, and stretch marks.
The third trimester
The third trimester starts from 27 weeks till the delivery, usually at 40-42 weeks. In this trimester, the baby development is growing around 12 inches long and 1.5 lbs to around about 18-20 inches long to the 7-8lbs weight. In this phase, the body systems and organs are formed by now and the baby also will grow and mature at this last third trimester. The healthy growing baby will start to practice the motion of breathing and prepare life after labor. Mom may experience and feel the kicks and roll becomes stronger and the baby move regularly. Pregnant women in this trimester often experience uncomfortable sense such as Braxton Hicks contraction that gets stronger and back pain as they carry heavier belly. The other symptoms that appear in this period include:
- Swollen feet
- Mood swings
- Frequent urination
- Breast and nipple color turn
- Leakage of breast milk
As the pregnancy period gets closer to delivery, the baby position will turn into a head-down position that will make the labor process easier. With these guide on what to expect during pregnancy can help new mom to prepare themselves when they are pregnant.